Second Aliya

   The Second Aliya (1904-14) was the most significant in terms of Israel's future political system. Some 40,000 immigrants of Russian and eastern European origin laid the foundations of the labor movement and established the first Jewish labor political parties and kibbutzim. They were secularists who sought to modernize and secularize Jewish life in the Diaspora, and they brought their political ideas, especially socialist ideology, to Palestine, thereby providing the foundations of the future political system.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Aliya —    Derived from the Hebrew word for ascent or going up. The immigration of Jews from the Diaspora to the Holy Land (Palestine and, later, Israel). Jewish immigration to and settlement in the land of Israel is a central concept in Zionist ideology …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Save Second Base — One of a number of irreverent and suggestive breast cancer awareness campaigns. Writing for Newsweek, Kate Dailey commented on a trend for provocative advertising campaigns aimed at raising awareness of breast cancer, such as “Save Second Base,”… …   Dictionary of unconsidered lexicographical trifles

  • Kibbutz — A kibbutz (Hebrew: קיבוץ, קִבּוּץ, lit. gathering, clustering ; plural kibbutzim ) is a collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The kibbutz is a form of communal living that combines socialism and Zionism.… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology — c. 17th century BCE The period of the Jewish patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac,Jacob. c. 1250 10 BCE The Exodus of the Jews from Egypt, wandering in the desert of Sinai, and the conquest of Canaan under Joshua. c. 1020 1004 BCE King Saul. Establishment… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel

  • Arthur Ruppin — (1 March 1876 1 January 1943) was a Zionist thinker and leader. He was also one of the founders of the city of Tel Aviv, and a pioneering sociologist credited as being The Father Of Jewish Sociology , directing Berlin s Bureau for Jewish… …   Wikipedia

  • Mendel Portugali — was one of the leading figures in the Second Aliya and a founder of the Hashomer movement. Biography Mendel Portugali was born in 1888, in Călărași, Bessarabia, then part of the Russian Empire, actual Republic of Moldova. As a boy he studied in a …   Wikipedia

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  • Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 …   Universalium

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